Rights Based Approaches to REDD
TGB has systems in place to ensure that women and men participate equally by making their concerns and experiences an integral dimension of project design and implementation. This gender main streaming approach involves understanding the needs and potential roles of various stakeholders and ensuring that the project designs various strategies to harness this potential. Strategies to ensure participation include recruiting farmers through marginalized groups e.g. women groups, understanding how different groups utilize their time as well as recruiting the entire household into the programme (as opposed to dealing with only one person). The groups’ leadership committees must also have effective representation of women, men, elderly and the youth.
TGB has invested in empowering disadvantaged communities to take control of their land and make decisions that have sustainable livelihood benefits for the current and future generations. The project ensures that the farmer retains their land rights, tree rights, carbon rights and all the rights to the benefits accruing from the tree products and services. Furthermore, the project has strengthened tenure security through support to land ownership documentation.
TGB’s benefit sharing model recognizes the contribution made by the various players and ensures that each is rewarded accordingly. Even though farmers aggregate their credits and sell as a cooperative offsetting scheme, each individual farmer enters into contract with the project specifying clearly what their performance targets are and the corresponding expected payments. In addition, the pricing model ensures that the producer gets at least 60% of the carbon income. The rest meets the cost of project administration, project audit and certificate issuance. Furthermore, each carbon credit sold makes a contribution to a community fund that addresses the needs of the wider community in which the carbon farmer lives.